The project deals with the problem of climate change in cross-border Russian-Mongolian part of Altai in the context of adaptation to natural and economic systems of the region. To date, significant progress has been made in the understanding of the functioning of the global climate system created predictive climate models to obtain estimates of a General nature for large-scale territories.
Important at this stage is monitoring and evaluation of the dynamics of climate at the regional level. The modern rate of warming in the Altai region far ahead of the pace of the global mean warming. The most sensitive feature of climate change is temperature stratification in the lower atmosphere. Therefore, one fundamental task to be solved by the project is theoretical and experimental study of temperature stratification in the Altai region on the basis of satellite monitoring and ground truth sensing. A comprehensive study of climatic changes for remote and in-situ methods relevant for the territory of Altai. The use of mathematical-statistical, probabilistic, GIS-mapping, radio-physical methods allow to obtain a series of new indicators in the form of a data Bank and digital maps. Expected estimates of the parameters of climate, meteorological parameters, snow cover, as glaciers and river runoff, will help the study of climate, desertification, biodiversity conservation, and water resources assessment, adaptation in natural and economic systems to a changing climate.
Implementation of adaptation of territorial natural and economic systems to climatic changes is possible only at Association of efforts of scientists of Russia and Mongolia, who have a long experience of academic and practice-oriented research on issues of sustainable development in the Altai region. The project brings together staff of the three scientific institutions of Institute monitoring climate ecological system (IMCES) Siberian branch Russian academy of science (SB RAS), having experience of working in Altai, on the issue of climate change using a variety of instruments, equipment and scientific methods, including the method of continuous preservation of landscape and bio-diversity. Mongolian colleagues obtained data on the dynamics of glaciers, biodiversity, and adaptation of traditional forms of land use to climatic conditions. The obtained results will allow developing a pilot project which can be presented to the mechanisms of adaptation to the impacts of climate change in mountain regions.